The first and oldest, Los Tres Calderas, was founded in 1577 in the Okefenokee Swamp. The school was established soon after the founding of St. Augustine and meant to serve the northern Spanish holdings in the New World. As the oldest school, it is also the smallest and serves most of the deep south and the Spanish-speaking countries of the Caribbean. Graduates of Tres Calderas are highly regarded for their knowledge of herbology and care of magical creatures. It is interesting to note that the Hogwarts gamekeeper, Rubius Hagrid, secretly studied there after being expelled from Hogwarts. The Dean of Students at the time was Nicholas Flammel, a close friend of Hogwart's late Headmaster, Albus Dumbledore. As a result, Hagrid's very rare wand comes from St. Augustine and is made of wild Franklinia, and contains the hair of skunk ape. The second oldest school that serves the US isn't even in the United States! After the founding of Jamestown in 1607, the need for a school was established as King James I (of England) was adamantly intent on establishing a permanent British presence on the American mainland, but no suitable area could be found in the immediate area. Instead, the wreck of the supply ship sent from England, Sea Venture on the island of Bermuda in 1609, provided an answer. Off the shore of North America, 640 miles east of what is now Cape Hatteras and just a few short miles from Bermuda, the Isle of Devils proved a perfect spot, easily accessible from the entire coast of North America, uninhabited, and now near to the new muggle colony of Bermuda. Portugese and Spanish ships had stopped or wrecked on the Isle of Devils before but when the wizarding community saw the island, they decided to move all traces of previous muggle presence, particularly Spanish Rock, to the island of Bermuda. Muggle technology being what it was at the time, the disappearance of the island could be simply explained as a mistake by the earlier mariners who mistook Bermuda for another island. In 1615, Krakenhurst was founded by Wendolyn Brooks with a small faculty and just 3 students in tow. The first female to head a SoWW in the New World, Brooks worked tirelessly to assemble books, build a campus, and attract students. As time progressed, Krakenhurst was able to serve students from the English possessions in the Caribbean and, with the arrival of the pilgrims in Massachusetts in 1620, the Plymouth colony. Eventually, Krakenhurst would come to serve students throughout the British colonies ranging from Barbados to Newfoundland. Of all the SoWWs in the New World, Krakenhurst is, by far, the most popular with students seeking study and a tan. Without question, Krakenhurst excels in the study of magical marine life. The Center for Merpeople and Human Relations is headquartered at the school; the Watery Languages instruction is considered the finest in the magic world; the school's research submarine named for its most famous alum, Jules Verne, has studied lake monsters around the world; and the school has managed to keep The Pelagic Bloops from physical discovery by muggles. While Krakenhurst has the reputation of a party school, the forms are most rigorous and Krakenhurst O-levels are notoriously difficult. While the school is excellent, its hiding charm has proven most problematic over the years. Hiding a campus on land is not nearly so difficult. Account must be taken of currents, tides, open sea weather patterns, ships, and even planes. The charm has failed from time to time and created tremendous difficulties for muggles, frequently causing boats and planes to completely disappear from the waters surrounding the school. In the early 1970s, experts were brought in from Gondolas Neri, the SoWW in Venice, Italy to stabilize the charm and it seems to have worked well so far. As an aside, wands from St. George's made of Bermuda Cedar are highly prized. Usually filled with such unique relics as Kraken teeth, Cahow feathers, Mer Hair, or Seamonster fins, the wands spark in a startling shade of turqoise and are especially useful in water spells but also, oddly enough, in personality charms. The lately retired master wizard, Gilderoy Lockhart, only used St. George's wands. Professor Flitwick of Hogwarts was said to be greatly suspicious of Lockhart because of his fondness for wands crafted in St. George's but as Rita Skeeter of the Daily Prophet has pointed out, Flitwick was likely simply envious of Lockhart's proficiency with them.