I've been thinking about this lately, and I've managed to put my thoughts in a semi-coherent way; in another forum, for someone to discuss it with me. Theistic evolution is the notion that the theory of evolution does not conflict with the concept of God as it is conceptualized in the major religions. I posit that there are some conflicts in that view, and this is why: "I should say what are the problems that arise when one say that evolution is God's/god's way of creating the various forms of life on Earth. If one considers god's presence in nature in deistic fashion, simply because we claim it to be the first cause, the one who set all things in motion, but who never meddles on the laws of it's creation; for whatever reason (i.e. the first cause could be gone or it wasn't a being as we know it in the first place), then I see no problems with that, because it is just unprovable, unknowable and probable. But, when considering the notion of theistic evolution where God either directs the evolutionary processes and/or meddles in the processes, and/or that we are his "special creation", then some questions arise, is evolution then goal oriented?, in the sense of a creature being the goal of evolution, and if so, is that creature homo sapiens sapiens? are we the apex of creation? that would be the case if one believes in us being the special creation, or that God directed the process in order for him to, eventually, give us souls and, eventually, his word. If so, then it is probable that we won't speciate, adapt, be subject of selective pressures, nor evolve, in short, we are in 'Divine Stasis'. This is a pretty lofty implication, which can be falsifiable in the long run. And then, what if we are not a special creation,? but still subject to all the evolutionary mechanisms that God created, that means that eventually Homo sapiens would be extinct, and perhaps another being or beings would take its place. Would these newly evolved humans have souls? if the answer is no, then why they don't get souls when we did? if the answer is yes, then does that mean that other archaic human beings had souls too? are there some neanderthals in heaven? how far back did these beings started to get souls? since our common ancestor with the chimpanzee? (of which there is irrevocable proof, in the form of the endogenic retroviruses 'footprints' in our genome, which we have in common with the chimpanzee) did God favored our lineage and not the chimpanzee's? If so, what was the element that triggered God to give us a soul, a spirit within us, was it our sapience? is the fact that we can even start to consider an all powerful god an indication of its favor towards us? then how can we know that other archaic humans didn't have it too? albeit in a less powerful state. There has been a recent discovery of stringed sea-shells in neanderthal sites, it seems to have been used as a collar, and the shells had blue pigment, which means that neanderthals could think symbolically, perhaps they even had language, using these collars to identify each other, as in "he of the blue shells", perhaps they could even talk about other neanderthals when the neanderthal in question wasn't present, as in "yeah, blue shells is such an ass, but don't tell him that I said it." Perhaps their syntax wasn't as well developed as ours, if they had any, but there is a good possibility that they had a deep syntax, a capability to create language. So, this means that they get a lesser soul, in accordance to their lesser power of mind? And what if other humans evolve while we are still here? do they get a different soul or is the same for them too? do they even get one, do we recognize them as soul-less? Perhaps they've got even better mental capabilities, do they get a better soul? possibly they could drive us to extinction, which would make it seem like it's a game to God, the better human gets the better soul, the better communication to God, the better Alliance with God. Other point of conflict is the idea of original sin, granted it is mostly a Catholic belief, but then again the Catholic higher ups are the ones who most commonly accept the notion of theistic evolution. When did this original sin happened when there was no fall of man? are we to be a dammed mass of existence just because we are subject to the evolutionary trappings God himself made? I don't know, it all seems too weird and goofy to me to consider it seriously."